5 most popular types of freshwater pearl

Updated: Mar 30, 2020

When we think of a pearl, we think about a gem that is perfectly round and impossibly shiny. However, the pearl is an organic gemstone and, as we know, mother nature very rarely makes her beautiful gems with straight lines or perfectly spherical. While these pearls do exist, a pearl that is truly round and high luster is extremely rare and very, very expensive. The same goes for very large pearl examples, some selling for many millions. Most others come in many shapes and sizes known as baroque pearls. Both freshwater and saltwater pearls that are off-round are known as a baroque pearl.

A baroque saltwater pearl is more expensive than a baroque freshwater pearl. Usually down to the fact that they are far more time consuming to cultivate. The pearl size is also important. Regardless of the shape, a larger pearl with high luster will always be more valuable than its smaller less shiny counterpart. Additionally, the pearl colour is also key in determining the value of the pearl, with dark pearls being the rarest and most valuable of all.

20 years ago, freshwater pearls were considered lesser quality to saltwater pearls. However, with advancements in freshwater pearl harvesting, the freshwater pearl has become almost as good as saltwater pearls in terms of value and quality. Freshwater pearls are often chosen because of the vast variety of choice available, not only for sizes and shapes, but also for their colours. It is not uncommon to see a white freshwater pearl displaying some stunning pink and light green undertones.

Over 85% of freshwater pearls are off-round or baroque and not the perfect spheres that are usually seen in high end jewellery stores. This is because these pearls are not cultured using a round nucleus, but rather by inserting tissue from one mollusc into the harvesting mollusc. This produces a pearl that is created entirely of nacre. The end result is a far more durable pearl than a saltwater pearl, as the pearl nacre is denser, it is less prone to scratches and chipping.

There are many different shapes and sizes of pearl, here are a 5 of our most popular examples:

Coin pearl: This pearl is mostly round and flat, like a coin. They have a large flat surface area, great lustre and are used to create some very pretty earrings.

Baroque pearl: This is the general name for off and non-round pearls. A baroque pearl usually has a more pronounced and uneven surface. As a result these pearls command attention and are always admired for there unique look.

Rice Pearl: These pearls are slightly elongated giving a rice like appearance.

Off-round pearl: slightly more oval than round, but every bit as stylish

Potato pearl: These are uneven and bumpy almost like a small but very shiny potato.

So, there you are, 5 types of freshwater pearl that are super, head turning and wont break the bank. If you want a pearl that turns heads, is unique and out of the ordinary, you will love baroque pearls as much as we do. Check out our shop to see more stunning pearls.

Thank you for reading

Eriko x

www.erikospearls.com 2020 5 most popular types of pearl, Malta EU, Fast shipping

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